The following modifications
- will improve the access from Knoppix Adriane to Labdoo laptops,
- will improve usage for blind or visually impaired users,
- just to be used if you eant create a bootable USB stick via Knoppix Adriane and
- are only recommended to experienced users.
However, these steps are not necessary if
- you have performed the installation via Image Cloning [Sanitation Guide: Advanced Method] or
- within Germany and Switzerland you can obtain 16 GB USB sticks (with pre-installed learning wikipedia) by sending a mail to Labdoo-DACH@Labdoo.org. The Labdoo clubs in Swiss and German will be happyto provide them to you
Suggested changes for Knoppix Adriane (USB Sticks) and Lubuntu
Menu → Preferences → CompizConfig Settings Manager →
- General → General Options → Desktop size → Horizontal virtual size = 1
- Desktop, remove all hooks (Desktop Cube, Expo,Viewport Switcher, Rotate Cube)
- Effects, remove all hooks, except the one for Windows decoration
Right mouse click on the starter panel → "Application Launch Bar" Settings → click on aumix → - Remove - Close
Open 3 files in an editor e.g.
sudo nano /home/knoppix/Desktop/KNOPPIX/boot/syslinux/ and change in the line "DEFAULT" auto into adriane, then store the file:
Optional: You can change the standard screen resolution of Adriane (640x480). But you must choose a resolution supported by the computer used. And visually impaired users might need a low resolution to get large letters. And when you start Adriane if you change the graphical desktop to LXDE it will inherit the resolution of Adriane. You are able to change the screen resolution within LXDE.
Open file manager PCmanfm → edit → Preferences → General →
- Check to activate "Move deleted files to trash can"
- de-activate (uncheck) "open files with single click"
- Volume Management → add check at "Mount mountable volumes" and "Mount removable volumes"
- Layout → Show in Places → add hook at "Trash can" and "Devices"
- open a terminal (press Alt + Ctl/Strg+ t at the same time) → type
- Keyboard → Laptop (or leave if run on a PC, will (de-)active number keypad)
- mouse → activate "Preset tooltips"
- mouse → activate "Speak objects under mouse"
The script toggle_orca.sh solves to toggle the screen reader Orca on / off by using the key combination Alt + Windows/Super + o. The script can be downloaded from here http://ftp.labdoo.org/download/install-disk/installskripts/orca_pico2wav...
- Store script in the folder as /home/knoppix/.toggle_orca.sh (the leading "." in the file name will make the file hidden, invisible; to show hidden files activate in PCmanfm "show hidden files",
- make file executable (→ Properties → Permissions → make file executable)
- Open Compiz settings manager → General → Commands → if line empty add e.g. in Command Line 2:
- click on tab "Key Bindings" → click in an empty line on button "disabled" → to switch it to "enabled" → Left mouse click on "grab key ..."
- type the needed key combination ( here Alt + Windows/Super + o ) → confirm and close "OK".
If everything was done correctly you are now able to switch screen reader Orca on / off by pressing the keys Alt + Windows/Super + o at the same time.
- Same proccedure described before, but store script in folder /usr/share/labdoo (start in a terminal
sudo PCMANFM(Enter), as you need super-user rights to create this new folder and store the script)
- make the script executable → Properties → Permissions. End and close file manager PCMANFM as super-user and start it again as labdoo user (click on icon PCmanfm).
- open on FTP-Server the file http://ftp.labdoo.org/download/install-disk/installskripts/orca_pico2wav... and copy / paste the content (Ctrl + C)
- activate in file manager PCMANFM → menu View → Show hidden (Ctrl + H) and open in folder /home/labdoo/.config/openbox the file lubuntu-rc.xml in an editor (right mouse click, open in an editor e.g. Leafpad)
- Search in the editor for the text
<keyboard>, next insert the copied text from clipboard between the lines
</keyboard>. The code from file keybinding_toggle_orca.txt will be inserted. Store and close file.
- execute in terminal
- repeat these steps also for the user student, but as student is not allowed to run code in a terminal you have to go to Start → Run → type here
openbox --reconfigureand press Enter.
If everything was done correctly you are now able to switch screen reader Orca now on / off by keep the keys Alt + Windows/Super + o at the same time.
pico2wave by SVOX is a complete speach synthesizer to convert German, French or English text into spoken words (sound, Wave file). For some languages special control files are available. For other languages e.g. Italian or Spanish these control files have to created first (volunteers needed).
To install it run in a terminal, when computer is connected to web:
- in terminal:
sudo apt-get update(Enter)
- in terminal: up to 16.04 LTS:
sudo apt-get install libttspico-utils sox xsel libav-tools(Enter)
- in terminal: from 18.04 LTS:
sudo apt-get install libttspico-utils sox xsel libavcodec-extra(Enter)
Beside the installation of pico2wave 3 more files have to be installed and adapted (for Lubuntu: in /usr/share/labdoo, in Knoppix in /home/knoppix/.). Please follow those steps described above for Orca:
- First step is to download the needed files from our FTP-Server and store it locally:
- Control script to toggle pico2wave on / off (pre-set to English): toggle_pico2wave.sh
- next to get a German pronunciation (DE): pico2wave_xsay_de.sh
- or for English pronunciation (EN): pico2wave_xsay_en.sh ; more languages on request
- Script to end pico2wave: pico2wave_kill-xsay.sh
Download and store these files in the corresponding folders and make files executable for everyone.
Open in a terminal → alsamixer → (m) = Mute off, move from setting to setting by ← or →, adjust volume setting using the keys ↑ or ↓.
Helpful, if you run Knoppix Adriane on a USB Stick in combination with a Labdoo laptop, to get easier access to the educational content. Open an editor as super-user; run in a terminal
sudo leafpad (Enter), navigate to the folder:
- open file /etc/fstab and change lines:
# Automount sda1 as sda1
/dev/sda1 /media/sda1 ext4 defaults 0 2
- Add to the end of /etc/adriane/adriane.conf:
# Mount sda1
sudo mkdir /media/sda1
sudo mount -a
Hint: In Adriane you can open a terminal → menu entry → Shell.
Add needed applets for Keyboard activation/deactivation etc. to the panel.
Start eLinks → navigate to the start file, in most cases index.html), mark it with the cursor and press (Enter) to open it → right mouse click opens a menu, click here → Bookmark document (a) → ready.
To open a bookmark → press two times ESC → above a menu will show up → move the cursor and mark tools , press Enter → mark bookmarks (s) → will show all known bookmarks.
Continue reading under this section:
Generate a Knoppix Adriane USB disc drive